Resilience is defined as “the ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or change” (Wagner Sperry 2011, p.5). Perhaps you know people who have achieved great success, despite growing up in poverty or without the support of a caring family. Something within these people helped them recover or bounce back from adversity. These people developed positive coping skills such as identifying problems, determining ways to address concerns, recovering quickly and moving on.
Three critical protective factors in the development of resilience in young children are attachment, initiative, and self-regulation. By helping children cope and manage their emotions and feelings, adults can boost children’s resilience and support healthy emotional development.
Attachment is a mutual, strong, and long-lasting relationship between a child and a significant adult such as a parent, family member or teacher.
Initiative is the child’s ability to use independent thought and actions to meet his/her needs.
Self-regulation is the child’s ability to experience a range of feelings and express them using words and actions that society considers appropriate.
Heroman, C., Burts, D. C., Berke, K., & Bickart, T. S. (2010). Objectives for development and learning. (Vol. 5). Washington, DC: Teaching Strategies, Inc.
Wagner Sperry, R. (2011). Flip it! transforming challenging behavior. Lewisville, NC: Kaplan Early Learning Company.